Perubahan Komunikasi Masyarakat Dalam Inovasi Mitigasi Bencana di Wilayah Rawan Bencana Gunung Merapi

Damayanti Wardyaningrum

Abstract


This study aims to analyze changes in communications in disaster mitigation innovation in communication of society in disaster-prone areas with the events of Mount Merapi eruption in 2010. The method used is descriptive research data collection through observation and interviews with community territory in the hamlet Kalitengahkidul, Glagaharjo village, Sleman, Yogyakarta. The concept used is the diffusion of innovation, information and disaster mitigation. The results showed there were adoption of innovations related to the disaster mitigation community communication. Communication changes occur in the communication tools used, sources of information to determine the evacuation decision making, communication, community groups define the disaster mitigation procedures, sources of information about volcanic activity and the priority that must be performed during emergency response and post-disaster recovery period. Findings of the study after the eruption of 2010 appears attitude residents of disaster-prone region more independent and have the initiative in adopting innovations disaster mitigation, especially in terms of communication among communities in the face of potential disasters that will arise.

Keywords


hanges in communication, diffusion of innovation, information, disaster mitigation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Carter,W. Nick. 2008. Disaster Management: a Disaster Manager's Handbook. Philipines: Asian Development Bank.

Hirokawa, Randy Y, dan Salazar, Abran J. 1999. Task Group Communication and Decision- Making Performance in Frey, Lawrence R, Goran, Dennis S dan Pool e, Marshal Scott, 1999, The Handbook of Group Communication Theory, Sage Publication Inc.

Littlejohn, Stephen W. Karen A. Foss. 2009. Encyclopedia of Communication Theory. California: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Maloney, Erin K. & Coppola, Damon P. 2009. Communicating Emergency Preparedness: Strategic For Creating a Disaster Resilient. USA: Auerbach Publicationa Taylor & Francis Group.

Mercer, Jessica, Kelman, Ilan & Dekens, Julie. 2009. Integrating Indigenues and Scientific Knowledge For Disaster Risk Reduction, dalam Takeuchi, Yukiko, Sharma, Anshu, Shaw Rajib, Natural Disaster Research, Prediction and Mitigation Series. New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

Miswanta. 2009. Problematika Penentuan Waktu Pengungsian, BPPTK, Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi, Badan Geologi.

Miller, Khaterine. 2005. Communication Theories, Perspectives, Pocesses, and Context (2nd ed). Mc Graw Hill International Edition.

Polee, Marshal Scott. 1999. Group Communication Theory, in Frey, Lawrence R, Goran, Dennis S dan Poole, Marshal Scott, 1999, The Handbook of Group Communication Theory, Sage Publication Inc.

Porifiev, Boris N. 1998. Issues in The Definition And Delineation Of Disasters and Disasters Areas in Quarantelli. E.L, What Is A Disaster? Perspective on The Question. New York: Routledge.

Pramono, Adi Suryo & Birowo, M. Antoniu. 2012. Hidup Nyaman Bersama Ancaman: Pengalaman Radio Komunitas Lintas Merapi, Klaten, Jawa Tengah.

Wijanarko, Himawan. 2006. Disaster Management di Negeri Rawan Bencana. Jakarta: The Jakarta Consulting Grup.

Özerdem, Alpaslan & Jacoby Tim. 2006. Disaster Management and Civil Society: Earthquake Relief in Japan, Turkey and India. London: I.B.Tauris & Co Ltd.

Rogers, Evertt M. 1995. Diffusion of Innovation. New York: The Free Press.

Rogers, Evert M & Kincaid, D. Lawrence. 1981. Communication Networks. New York: Free Press.

Ritchie, L. David. 1991. Communication Concept 2: Information, Sage Publication, New Delhi.

Sumadi, Dila. 2007. Komunikasi Pembangunan, Pendekatan Terpadu, Bandung: Sembiosa Rekatama Media.

Sorensen, John H, Sorensen, Barbara Voght. 2006. Community Processes: Warning and Evacuation dalam Rodriguez, Havidan, Qaurantelli, Enrico l, Dynes, Rusell, Handbook of Disaster Research. USA: Springer Science + Business Media, LLC.

Soemarwoto, Otto. 2008. Ekologi, Lingkungan Hidup dan Pembangunan Jambatan. Jakarta.

Shaw, Rajib, Sharma Anshu, Takeuchi Yukiko. 2009. Indegenous Knowledge and Disaster Risk Reduction, from Practice to Policy. New York: Nova Science Publishers Inc.

Sylves, Richard. 2008. Disaster Policy and Politics, Emergency management and Homeland Security. Washington DC: CQ Press.

Tesis dan laporan penelitian

Nugroho, Eko, Istiana, Purwani. 2012. Sistim Peringatan Dini Berbasis Masyarakat Untuk Mitigasi Bencana Merapi, Merapi Dalam Kajian Multidisiplin, Sekolah Pascasarjana UGM. (Tesis tidak diterbitkan). Universitas Gajah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Setyarto, Dwiatmodjo, Budi. 2012. Konflik Kebijakan dan Pengetahuan Lokal Dalam Pengurangan Risiko Bencana Erupsi Gunung Berapi Tahun 2010 di Kinahrejo/Palemsari, Desa Umbulharjo Kecamatan Cangkringan, Kabupaten Sleman, DIY. Pascasarjana Manajemen dan Kebijakan Publik

Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta (Tesis tidak diterbitkan). Universitas Gajah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Wirasuta, Dadang S. 2013. Pelibatan TNI Dalam Penanggulangan Bencana Di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Laporan Hasil Penelitian, Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat Universitas Pertahanan Indonesia. (Laporan penelitian tidak diterbitkan). Jakarta, Indonesia.

Kusumaningtyas, Purwanti. 2007. Intepretasi Ulang Makna spiritualitas bencana dalam cerita Rakyat Indonesia, Jurnal Kajian Politik Lokal dan Sosial, Humaniora (Vol 1).

Artikel:

Martin R. Degg Martin and and K. David. 2005. (2 Juni Vol. 171). Seismic and Volcanic Hazards in Peru: Changing Attitudes to Disaster Mitigation, The Geographical Journal. pp. Published by: Wiley on behalf of The Royal Geographical Society with the Institute of British Geographers, hal. 125-145.

Oman Abdurahman, Eddy Mulyadi, Priatna, Prima M. Hilman, Joko Parwata dkk (2006, Mei). Karsima Gunung Merapi, dari Internet ke Dunia Nyata, artikel Refleksi Untuk Penyajian Informasi dan Mitigasi Bencana Gunung Api, Warta Geologi.

Artikel Jurnal:

Kusumasari, Bevaola & Alam, Quamrul. (2011, November 10). Bridging The Gaps: The Role of Local Government Capability and The Management of a Natural Disaster in Bantul, Indonesia. Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011 Nat Hazards (2012) 60:761–779 DOI 10.1007/s11069-011-0016-1.

Artikel Surat Kabar:

B. E. Julianery. (2010, November 05). Adaptasi Mengubah Paradigma Mengatasi Bencana. Koran Kompas, hal. 48.

Damayanti, Doty. (2010, Desember 20). Manajemen Bencana Mendorong Mitigasi Bencana Berbasis Resiko. Koran Kompas, hal. 42.

Arif, Ahmad. (2015, April 05). Gunung Api : Dua Abad Letusan Tambora. Koran Kompas, hal. 1 & 15.

Tulisan/Berita dalam surat kabar tanpa

pengarang:

Asia Paling Banyak Dilanda Bencana. (2012, Oktober 20). Koran Kompas, hal: 13.

Bencana Gunung Api: Penduduk Indonesia Paling Terancam. (2014, April 13). Koran Kompas, hal: 13.

Tulisan/Berita dalam surat kabar tanpa

pengarang:

Asia Paling Banyak Dilanda Bencana. (2012, Oktober 20). Koran Kompas, hal: 13.

Bencana Gunung Api: Penduduk Indonesia Paling Terancam. (2014, April 13). Koran Kompas, hal: 13.

Tulisan/Berita dalam surat kabar tanpa

pengarang:

Asia Paling Banyak Dilanda Bencana. (2012, Oktober 20). Koran Kompas, hal: 13.

Bencana Gunung Api: Penduduk Indonesia Paling Terancam. (2014, April 13). Koran Kompas, hal: 13.

Sumber lain :

Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 24 Tahun 2007 tentang Penanggulangan Bencana.

Peraturan Presiden Republik Indonesia Nomor 8 Tahun 2008 Tentang Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana.

Dokumen Tim Pengurangan Resiko Bencana Pari kesit, 2014, Sumber Matriks Data Kependudukan Aset dan SOP Dusun Kalitengah Kidul Desa GalagahHarjo Kabupaten Sleman, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24329/aspikom.v2i3.69

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Jurnal ASPIKOM indexed by:
 
 
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License