KEPERCAYAAN MASYARAKAT TERHADAP INFORMASI TRADISIONAL DAN MODERN PADA PERISTIWA BENCANA ALAM

Damayanti Wardyaningrum

Abstract


The purpose of the research is to identify the local people believe in current information or traditional information of the natural disaster of Merapi mountain in Central Java as one of the mostactive volcanoes in the world. Concept use is information and natural disaster. The research uses post-positivist paradigm with the survey, interview, and observation for data gathering regarding the big eruption in 2010. The results show more than half of local people believe in traditional information than modern information regarding the natural disaster. The differences of local people believe are base on the level of education, age and the role in public. Local citizen believes to traditional information mostly are old people their education background from the elementary level, and has no role in public.On the other hand for the local citizen that believe to modern information are young people, from middle-level education and some of them has a role in public.The perception of traditional information occurs since the old people have some experiences of last volcanic eruption, and more listen to the people they closed and less of literation regarding disaster mitigation. The differences of belief to both traditional and modern information are not statistically significant is an opportunity for integrating traditional and modern information for disaster risk reduction. This research contributes to give insight of the difference of traditional  and modern information on disaster events.

Keywords


traditional information; modern information; natural disaster

References


Coppola,Damon P dan Maloney,Erin K & ( 2009), Communicating Emergency Preparedness: Strategic for Creating a Disaster Resilient, Auerbach Publicationa Taylor & Francis Group, USA

Dahlan, M Alwi (1979), Jaringan Komunikasi Sosial sebagai saluran Pemerataan Informasi. Disampaikan dalam Kongres ke 3 Seminar Ilmiah Nasional Himpunan Indonesia untuk Pengembangan Ilmu-ilmu Sosial 13-17 november di Malang.

Effendi, Nusyirwan (2007), Bencana : Pengalaman dan Nilai Budaya Orang Minangkabau, Masyarakat Indonesia, Majalah Ilmu–Ilmu Sosial Indonesia, Jilid 33, Vol 2, ISSN 0125-9989, Jakarta, Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia.

Littlejohn, Stephen W.& Foss, Karen A,9th (2008) Theories of Human Communication, Belmot, CA Wadsworth Publishing, United States of America

Lestari, dkk, Environmental Communication Model for Disaster Mitigation of Mount Sinabung Eruption, Karo Regency of North Sumatera, Journal INFORMATION, Volume 19, Number 9(B)pp 4265-4270, ISSN 1343-4500, eISSN 1344-8994, C2016 International Information Institute.

Kusumaningtyas Purwanti (2007), Intepretasi Ulang Makna Spiritualitas Bencana Dalam Cerita Rakyat Indonesia. Kajian Politik Lokal, Sosial dan Humaniora. Renai.Tahun VII, No 1 Tahun 2007.

Maarif, Syamsul (2013), Hidup Harmonis di Lereng Merapi, Jakarta, Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana.

Miswanta, (2009), Problematika Penentuan Waktu Pengungsian, BPPTK,Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi, Badan Geologi.

Oktarina M, Kartika V, Megatsari H (2011), Pengembangan Media Komunikasi, Informasi dan Edukasi (KIE) Kesehatan bagi Masyarakat di Daerah Bencana Gunung Berapi, Kementrian Kesehatan RI, Surabaya

Rogers, Evert M & Kincaid, D Lawrence (1981),Communication Networks, New York Free Press

Rogers, Evert M, (1995), Diffusion of Innovations, New York Free Press

Ritchie, L.David, (1991), Communication Concept 2: Information, Sage Publication, New Delhi

Ruben, Brent. D., Lea P. Stewart (2006), Communication And Human Behaviour. 5th Edition. United States : Pearson Education

Nugroho, Sutopo Purwo, Diartoko, Paulus, Sulstyo Robert, Men Yon,kwan, Aprilidia (2016), Kelud Tanpa Kemelut, Rekam Jejak Inisiatif dan Kiprah Warga Dalam Tanggap darurat Erupsi gunung Kelud, Jakarta, Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana

Spence, Patric R, Lachlanm Kenneth A. Lachlan and Griffin Donyale R. Crisis Communication, Race, and Natural Disasters, Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 37, No 4, Katrina: Race, Class, and Poverty (Mar., 2007),pp. 539-554 Published by: Sage Publications, Inc.

Setyarto, Dwiatmoho Budi (2012), Konflik Kebijakan dan Pengetahuan Lokal dalam Pengurangan Risiko Bencana Erupsi Gunung Merapi 2010 di Kinahrejo, Desa Umbulharjo, Kabupaten Sleman DIY, Pasca Sarjana Kebijakan Publik Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu PolitikUniversitas Gajah Mada Yogyakarta.

Siswanta (2015), Informasi Kesehatan di Media Online, Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi, Volume 13, Nomor 3 September-Desember 2015, halaman 210-223, ISSN 1693-3028, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional (UPN), Yogyakarta

Ulum, Mochamad Chaezienul (2013), Governance Dan Capacity Building Dalam Manajemen Bencana Banjir di Indonesia. Jurnal Penanggulangan Bencana Vol 4 no 2 Tahun 2014. Hal 5-12. ISSN 2087636X. Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana,

Wardyaningrum, Damayanti (2016), Jaringan Komunikasi Dalam fase Mitigasi Bencana (Analisa Struktur dan Kekuatan Ikatan Lemah (Weak Ties) pada Jaringan Komunikasi Masyarakat di Wilayah Rawan Bencana Gunung Berapi) Desertasi Program Pasca Sarjana Ilmu Komunikasi Universitas Indonesia.

Wardyaningrum, (2016), Modal Sosial Inklusif dalam Bencana Jaringan Komunikasi, Jurnal Asosiasi Pendidikan Tinggi Ilmu Komunikasi (ASPIKOM), Volume 3, Nomor 1 Juli 2016 (hal 33-55).

Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 24 Tahun 2007 tentang Penanggulangan Bencana.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24329/aspikom.v3i4.264

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Jurnal ASPIKOM indexed by:
 
 
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License