Measuring Constructive Journalism in Kompas.com’s Climate Change Articles

Levina Chrestella Theodora, Albertus Magnus Prestianta

Abstract


Climate change poses a significant threat globally. Due to the heavy nature of the issue, climate change news tends to be very negative. Overly negative news can cause psychological disruption and make people avoid the news. The news media plays a huge role in climate mitigation, adaptation, and people’s perspectives on climate change, making it crucial for them to communicate climate change effectively. Constructive journalism may be the solution to this issue. With constructive journalism, journalists avoid negativity bias by focusing not only on the negatives but also on the solutions and positives when reporting a story. This study conducted a quantitative content analysis on 123 climate change articles reported by Kompas.com in 2020 using the six elements of constructive journalism. This research found that Kompas.com’s climate change articles in 2020 were not constructive. The articles emphasized the consequences of climate change with minimal constructive elements to balance the negativity.

Keywords


Constructive Journalism; Climate Change; Quantitative Content Analysis

Full Text:

PDF

References


Atanasova, D. (2019). Moving Society to a Sustainable Future: The Framing of Sustainability in a Constructive Media Outlet. Environmental Communication, 13(5), 700–711. https://doi.org/10.1080/17524032.2019.1583262

Ayunda Pininta Kasih. (2020, December 15). Kompas.com Jadi Portal Berita Online Pilihan Generasi Y dan Z. Kompas.com. Retrieved from https://www.kompas.com/edu/read/2020/12/15/200323471/kompascom-jadi-portal-berita-online-pilihan-generasi-y-dan-z?page=all

Baden, D., McIntyre, K., & Homberg, F. (2019). The Impact of Constructive News on Affective and Behavioural Responses. Journalism Studies, 20(13), 1940–1959. https://doi.org/10.1080/1461670X.2018.1545599

Bisnis.com. (2022, January 9). Bappenas Prediksi Kerugian Akibat Perubahan Iklim Rp 544 T, Begini Rinciannya. Tempo.Co. Retrieved from https://bisnis.tempo.co/read/1548123/bappenas-prediksi-kerugian-akibat-perubahan-iklim-rp-544-t-begini-rinciannya

Carvalho, A. (2018). Media and climate justice: What space for alternative discourses? In Bhavnani Kum-Kum, Foran John, A. Kurian Priya, & Munshi Debashish (Eds.), Climate Futures: Re-imagining Global Climate Justice, University of California Press (pp. 120–126). Bloomsbury Publishing. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1822/55376

Cook, J., Hornsey, M., Peeples, J., Bloodhart brittanybloodhart, B., Swim, J. K., Bloodhart, B., & Dicicco, E. (2019). “Be Worried, be VERY Worried:” Preferences for and Impacts of Negative Emotional Climate Change Communication. Frontiers in Communication | Www.Frontiersin.Org, 1, 63. https://doi.org/10.3389/fcomm.2018.00063

Dralega, C. A., & Napakol, A. (Eds.). (2022). Health Crises and Media Discourses in Sub-Saharan Africa. Cham: Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-95100-9

Fatima, S. S. (2020). Understanding the Construction of Journalistic Frames during Crisis Communication: Editorial Coverage of COVID-19 in New York Times. Södertörn University.

Hermans, L., & Drok, N. (2018). Placing Constructive Journalism in Context. Journalism Practice, 12(6). https://doi.org/10.1080/17512786.2018.1470900

Hermans, L., & Gyldensted, C. (2019). Elements of constructive journalism: Characteristics, practical application and audience valuation. Journalism, 20(4). https://doi.org/10.1177/1464884918770537

Hertsgaard, M., & Pope, K. (2019, April 22). The media are complacent while the world burns. Columbia Journalism Review. Retrieved from https://www.cjr.org/special_report/climate-change-media.php

Kartinawati, E., & Gama, B. (2021). Public and Journalist Perception in Surakarta about Covid-19 News Model. Jurnal ASPIKOM, 6(1), 167. https://doi.org/10.24329/aspikom.v6i1.714

Lough, K., & McIntyre, K. (2021). A systematic review of constructive and solutions journalism research. Journalism. https://doi.org/10.1177/14648849211044559

McIntyre, K., & Gyldensted, C. (2018). Positive Psychology as a Theoretical Foundation for Constructive Journalism. Journalism Practice, 12(6), 662–678. https://doi.org/10.1080/17512786.2018.1472527

Metag, J. (2016). Content Analysis in Climate Change Communication. In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science. Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780190228620.013.486

Newman, N., Fletcher, R., Kalogeropoulos, A., & Nielsen, R., Kleis. (2019). Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2019. Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism. Retrieved from Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism website: https://www.digitalnewsreport.org/survey/2019/

Newman, N., Richard Fletcher, with, Schulz, A., Andı, S., & Kleis Nielsen, R. (n.d.). Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2020. Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism. Retrieved from Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism website: https://www.digitalnewsreport.org/survey/2020/how-people-access-news-about-climate-change/

Oelz, M., Dhir, R. K., & Harsdorff, M. (2017). Indigenous peoples and climate change: From victims to change agents through decent work. In International Labour Office, Gender, Equality and Diversity Branch (pp. 1–56). International Labour Organization. Retrieved from International Labour Organization website: https://www.ilo.org/global/topics/indigenous-tribal/WCMS_551189/lang--en/index.htm

Overgaard, C. S. B. (2021). Mitigating the consequences of negative news: How constructive journalism enhances self-efficacy and news credibility. Journalism, 146488492110627. https://doi.org/10.1177/14648849211062738

Poort, M. (2018). Constructive Journalism: An answer to the negativity of the news?: A focus group study on the view on and the effects of constructive journalism in a European setting. Södertörn University.

Riedy, C. (2016). Climate Change. In The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781405165518.wbeos0737

Skovsgaard, M., & Andersen, K. (n.d.). Solutions to News Avoidance.

Tiffen, R., Jones, P. K., Rowe, D., Aalberg, T., Coen, S., Curran, J., … Soroka, S. (2014). Sources in the News. Journalism Studies, 15(4), 374–391. https://doi.org/10.1080/1461670X.2013.831239

van Antwerpen, N., Turnbull, D., & Searston, R. A. (2022). Perspectives from Journalism Professionals on the Application and Benefits of Constructive Reporting for Addressing Misinformation. The International Journal of Press/Politics, 194016122110727. https://doi.org/10.1177/19401612211072782

Vredenberg, N. (2019). Fighting climate change starts with journalists: An analysis of the news coverage of the annual United Nations climate summits by the BBC online between 2008 and 2018 (Södertörn University). Södertörn University. Retrieved from http://sh.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2%3A1334553&dswid=-6223

Wardyaningrum, D. (2022). News Framing about Physical Construction in Jakarta Flood Management. Jurnal ASPIKOM, 7(1), 158. https://doi.org/10.24329/aspikom.v7i1.1046

Zhao, Q., Guo, Y., Ye, T., Gasparrini, A., Tong, S., Overcenco, A., … Li, S. (2021). Global, regional, and national burden of mortality associated with non-optimal ambient temperatures from 2000 to 2019: A three-stage modelling study. The Lancet Planetary Health, 5(7), e415–e425. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(21)00081-4




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24329/aspikom.v7i2.1128

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


     

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License